Cookies – Definition and characteristics

A cookie is a file containing an identifier (a string of letters and numbers) which a Web server sends to a Web browser and is stored by the latter. The identifier is therefore sent back to the server each time the browser requests a page from the server.

There are different types of cookies. Some are necessary to browse the Site, others have different purposes such as internal security, system administration, statistical analysis, identifying those sections of the Site that are of most interest to visitors or providing a tailored experience when visiting the Site.

Cookies can be “persistent” or “session” cookies: a persistent cookie is stored by a browser and remains valid until the expiration date set, unless it is deleted by the user before the expiration date; a session cookie, instead, expires at the end of the user’s session, when the browser is closed.

Cookies do not usually contain information that personally identifies a user, but the personal information we store about you can be linked to the information stored and obtained by the cookies.

  • Technical cookies (they do not require user’s consent)

Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of transmitting a communication over an electronic communication network. These cookies are considered essential, as they are strictly necessary for the operation of the Site. Without the use of these cookies some parts of the Site would not work. They include, for example, cookies that allow access to protected areas of the Site. These cookies do not collect information for marketing purposes and cannot be deactivated.

They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or manager of the website.

They can be divided into navigation or session cookies, which ensure normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas); analytics cookies, similar to technical cookies when directly used by the site manager to collect information, in aggregate form, about the number of users and how they visit the site itself; functionality cookies, which allow the user to browse the Site according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service rendered to the user himself/herself.

According to the legislation in force in Italy, an express consent of the user is not always required for the use of cookies.  In particular, the “technical cookies”, that is those used for the sole purpose of transmitting a communication on an electronic communication network or to the extent strictly necessary to provide a service explicitly requested by the user, do not require this consent. These cookies, in other words, are essential for the operation of the site or necessary to perform activities requested by the user.

Among the technical cookies, which do not require express consent for their use, the Italian Data Protection Authority (cf. Provision Identification of simplified procedures for the disclosure and acquisition of consent for the use of cookies of 8th May 2014 and subsequent clarifications, hereinafter only “Provision”) includes also:

  • “analytics cookies” when directly used by the site manager to collect information, in aggregate form, about the number of users and how they visit the site itself,
  • navigation or session cookies are temporarily stored and are deleted when the user closes the browser,
  • functionality cookies, which allow the user to browse the Site according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language) in order to improve the service rendered to the user himself/herself and are used to recognize a user who returns to visit the Site. They allow to customize contents and remember preferences. These cookies do not collect information that can identify the user. All information collected is anonymous.
  • Profiling cookies (they require user’s express consent)

Profiling cookies are intended to create user profiles and are used in order to send advertising messages in line with the user’s expressed preferences in the context of browsing the net.

For the use of profiling cookies, the consent of the interested party is required. According to the provision n. 229 of 8th May 2014, the user must be able to authorize or deny consent to the installation of profiling cookies if they are present.

In the case of third-party cookies, the site does not have direct control of individual cookies and cannot control them (it can neither install them directly nor delete them). It is still possible to manage these cookies through the browser settings (pls. follow the instructions below) or the sites indicated in the “Managing cookies” section.

Disabling cookies may limit the possibility to use the Site and prevent from fully benefiting from the features and services on the Site. In order to decide which cookies to accept and which to reject, a description of the cookies used by the Site is shown below.

  • Sharing cookies on Social Networks

Interaction services with social networks and external platforms allow interactions with social networks, or other external platforms, directly from the pages of the Site. The interactions and information acquired by the Site are, in any case, subject to the user’s ‘privacy’ settings for every social network. In case an interaction service with social networks is installed, it is possible that, even if users do not use the service, it collects traffic data related to the pages in which it is installed.

These cookies facilitate the sharing of website contents through social networks such as Facebook, Twitter and Linkedin. To view the respective privacy and cookie policies you can visit the websites of the social networks. 

For Facebook, Twitter and Linkedin, the user can visit https://www.facebook.com/help/cookies – https://twitter.com/it/privacy and https://www.linkedin.com/legal/cookie-policy.

 

Regarding the ownership of cookies, they are also divided into first- and third-party cookies.

  •  First party cookies

The first-party cookies (cookies that belong to the publisher’s site that created them) are set by the website visited by the user, whose address appears in the URL window. The use of these cookies allows us to operate the site efficiently and to track the patterns of visitors’ behaviour.

  •  Third-party cookies

Third-party cookies are set by a domain different from the one visited by the user. If a user visits a site and a different company sends the information exploiting that site, you are in the presence of third-party cookies.

 

What Cookies we use

  • Technical cookies

The Site uses technical cookies and not profiling cookies, ie. only cookies essential for the operation of the site or necessary to perform activities requested by the user and, therefore, no user’s consent is required.

The above refers to both the user’s computer and any other device that the user can use to connect to the Site.

 

  • Third-party cookies

Our service providers use cookies, which can be stored on your computer when you visit our website. Among the following instruments, services managed by third parties are present: these may – in addition to what has been specified and also without our knowledge – perform User tracking activities. For detailed information, please consult the privacy policy of the listed services.

We use WordPress Stat (provided by Automattic Inc.) as the platform on which our site is allocated. This service uses cookies for statistical purposes and uses tracking tools to measure traffic and analyse the behaviour of users with the aim of improving the service.

Data collected: cookies and usage data.

Place of data processing: United States.

You can see the privacy policy of this service provider at https://automattic.com/privacy/. The Opt Out is available following instructions at https://automattic.com/privacy/.

 

Google Analytics (Google Inc.)

We use Google Analytics to analyse the use of our website. Google Analytics collects information about the use of the website through cookies. The information collected about our website is used to create reports on the use of our website.

Personal Data collected: Cookies and usage data.

The privacy policy of Google is available at: https://www.google.com/policies/privacy/Opt out   

 

  • Sharing cookies on Social Networks

Linkedin button and Linkedin social widgets (Linkedin, Inc.)

Linkedin button and Linkedin social widgets are services of interaction with the social network Linkedin, provided by Linkedin, Inc.

Personal data collected: cookies and usage data.
Place of data processing: United States – Privacy Policy.

 

Cookie settings

Most browsers allow to reject cookies and delete them. The methods for doing it vary from browser to browser and from version to version. Through these links, however, you can obtain updated information on the blocking and deletion of cookies:

https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=en (Chrome);

https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/enable-and-disable-cookies-website-preferences (Firefox);

http://www.opera.com/help/tutorials/security/cookies/ (Opera);

https://support.microsoft.com/en-gb/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies (Internet Explorer);

https://support.apple.com/kb/PH21411 (Safari); and

https://privacy.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-10-microsoft-edge-and-privacy (Edge).

The blocking of all cookies will have a negative impact on the usability of many websites.
If you block cookies, you will not be able to use all functions of our website.